Across the entrance, the line of the peninsula is continued in a series of barrier islands, beginning with Dauphin Among the most embarrassing episodes of the war for the U. Navy was the passage of the raider CSS Florida through the blockade into Mobile Bay on September 4, 1862; this was followed by her later escape through the same blockade on January 15, 1863. Farragut when he was assigned to command of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron had included instructions to capture Mobile as well as New Orleans, the early diversion of the squadron into the campaign for the lower Mississippi meant that the city and its harbor would not receive full attention until after the fall of Vicksburg in July 1863.
Given respite by the Union strategy, the Confederate Army improved the defenses of Mobile Bay by strengthening Fort Morgan and Fort Gaines at the entrance to the bay.
The war was already winding down, and assertions were made that the morale of the soldiers was bad.
The judgment is hard to quantify, but it would explain at least in part the poor performance of the defenders.
The battle was marked by Farragut's seemingly rash but successful run through a minefield that had just claimed one of his ironclad monitors, enabling his fleet to get beyond the range of the shore-based guns.
This was followed by a reduction of the Confederate fleet to a single vessel, ironclad CSS Tennessee.
Across the main channel from Fort Morgan on Dauphin Island was Fort Gaines, containing 26 guns, and with a garrison of about 600.
When Page was not present, command of the fort fell to Colonel Charles D. The raw numbers of troops available do not indicate how effectively they would fight.
Launched before her machinery and guns were in place, Tennessee was towed down to Mobile Bay for completion.
The Battle of Mobile Bay of August 5, 1864 was an engagement of the American Civil War in which a Union fleet commanded by Rear Admiral David G.
Farragut, assisted by a contingent of soldiers, attacked a smaller Confederate fleet led by Admiral Franklin Buchanan and three forts that guarded the entrance to Mobile Bay.
She was eventually reduced to a motionless hulk and surrendered, ending the battle.
With no Navy to support them, the three forts also surrendered within days.
This Union victory, together with the capture of Atlanta, was extensively covered by Union newspapers and was a significant boost for Abraham Lincoln's bid for re-election three months after the battle.