Modern Ghana comprises the former British colony of the Gold Coast and the former mandated territory of British Togoland.It is bordered by the Côte d'Ivoire on the west, Burkina Faso on the north, and Togo on the east.
Elmina, town, S Ghana, on the Gulf of Guinea; also known locally as Edina.
The Netherlands, Nigeria, Great Britain, the United States, and China are Ghana's major trade partners.
The country has a large but poorly maintained road system; rail lines connect the major centers in the south. The executive branch is headed by a president, who serves as both head of state and head of government.
The second largest city in Ghana, it is a commercial and transportation center in a cocoa-producing region, and it has a large central market. Known locally as Gna or Oegna, the town is an export port and fishing center. It grew up around European forts built in the 17th cent...... Ghana's population is composed of many ethnolinguistic groups, the principal of which are the Akan (Ashanti and Fanti), Mole-Dagbani, Ewe, and Ga-Adangme. Some 69% of the population is Christian (Pentecostal and other Protestant churches, and Roman Catholic) and 16% is Muslim (living mainly in the north), with the remainder following traditional religions.
Ghana's economy is predominantly agricultural, with 60% of the population engaged in subsistence agriculture. Rice, coffee, cassava, peanuts, corn, shea nuts, and bananas are also widely grown.
Fishing and lumbering are important, although inadequate roads and facilities have hindered the development of the timber industry.